Formerly Bytown. Founded about the year 1827, and named after Colonel By, a Royal Engineer, who built the Rideau Canal, and whose workmen formed the nucleus of the infant town. The name was changed to Ottawa in 1854, and Queen Victoria, in 1858, selected the place as the seat of government. In 1867 it became the capital of the new Dominion.
   Index: E Selected as seat of government, and later as capital of the Dominion, 79. B Selection of, as capital, opposed by George Brown, 100. See also Bytown.
   Bib.: Edgar, Canada and its Capital; Gourlay, History of the Ottawa Valley; Gard, The Hub and the Spokes; Scott, The Choice of the Capital. See also papers by Mrs. H. J. Friel, M. Jamieson, F. G. Kenny, Eva Read, in Women's Can. Hist. Soc. of Ottawa Trans., vol. 1; B. Sulte, The Name of Ottawa in Ottawa Lit. & Sc. Soc. Trans., 1898-1899.

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